Helping America Navigate a New Energy Reality

Oil Production by Country

Of the 42 largest oil producing countries in the world, representing roughly 98% of all oil production, 30 have either plateaued or passed their peaks.

World oil production data varies, depending on the database. Also, the definitions of “oil” differ from source to source: Some count only conventional crude plus lease condensates, while others will include natural gas liquids and unconventional sources such as synthetic oil made from Canadian tar sands, biofuels, and other liquids. Finally, reasonable observers may differ as to whether a given producer has plateaued, or might yet see a second production peak. However, these differences are negligible in the context of the global production outlook.

Here are two views of the world’s top oil producers, with the peak production dates of each country.

The Oil Production Story: Pre- and Post-Peak Nations

A compilation of the production data for the world’s top 50 producers, using data from BP and the Oil and Gas Journal, with peak dates and trend analysis. Compiled by Steve Andrews and Randy Udall. Last updated June 2010 with 2009 data. (PDF)

All OPEC Producers Plus Top 30 Non-OPEC producers

Of all the non-OPEC producers, only 30 have significant production (over 100 thousand barrels per day). This is an analysis of the EIA data for those top 30 non-OPEC producers, plus all 12 OPEC producers, up through 2009. Of these 42 largest oil producing countries in the world, representing roughly 98% of all oil production, 30 have either plateaued or passed their peaks. Compiled June 2010 by Rembrandt Koppelaar (non-OPEC) and Chris Nelder (OPEC).

Millions of barrels per day
Country 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Peak Year
Top 30 Non-OPEC producers (over 100,000 bpd)
Russia 7.41 8.13 8.80 9.04 9.25 9.44 9.36 9.50 ?
United States 5.75 5.68 5.42 5.18 5.10 5.06 4.94 5.31 1970
China 3.39 3.41 3.49 3.61 3.69 3.72 3.80 3.80 ?
Mexico 3.18 3.37 3.38 3.33 3.26 3.08 2.79 2.60 2004
Canada 2.17 2.31 2.40 2.37 2.53 2.62 2.59 2.58 ?
Norway 3.13 3.04 2.96 2.70 2.49 2.27 2.17 2.07 2001
Brazil 1.46 1.50 1.48 1.63 1.72 1.75 1.81 1.95 ?
Others 1.27 1.32 1.63 1.48 1.61 1.70 1.83 1.78 ?
Kazakhstan 0.82 0.89 1.01 1.29 1.31 1.36 1.34 1.46 ?
United Kingdom 2.29 2.09 1.85 1.65 1.49 1.50 1.38 1.33 1999
Azerbaijan 0.31 0.32 0.31 0.43 0.64 0.84 0.87 1.01 ?
Indonesia 1.25 1.16 1.10 1.07 1.02 0.96 0.97 0.95 1994
Oman 0.90 0.82 0.75 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.76 0.81 2001
India 0.67 0.66 0.68 0.67 0.69 0.70 0.69 0.68 plateau
Colombia 0.58 0.54 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.59 0.67 1999
Argentina 0.80 0.78 0.73 0.70 0.70 0.68 0.66 0.65 1998
Malaysia 0.70 0.74 0.67 0.63 0.61 0.59 0.61 0.58 plateau
Egypt 0.63 0.62 0.59 0.66 0.64 0.64 0.60 0.54 1995
Australia 0.63 0.51 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.47 0.48 0.48 plateau
Sudan 0.24 0.27 0.34 0.35 0.38 0.46 0.48 0.48 plateau
Syria 0.47 0.46 0.41 0.43 0.41 0.38 0.39 0.37 1995
Equatorial Guinea 0.21 0.21 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.35 0.34 0.32 ? 2004 ?
Yemen 0.44 0.45 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.32 0.30 0.29 2002
Vietnam 0.34 0.35 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.32 0.28 0.29 2004
Congo Brazzaville 0.25 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.24 0.21 0.23 0.27 1999
Denmark 0.37 0.38 0.39 0.38 0.34 0.31 0.29 0.26 2004
Gabon 0.25 0.24 0.24 0.27 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.24 1996
Brunei 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.16 0.14 0.14 2000
Trinidad & Tobago 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.11 0.11 1978
Tunesia 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.10 0.11 1983
Total 40.74 41.38 41.92 41.90 42.03 42.05 41.60 42.02 plateau
All 12 OPEC Producers
Saudi Arabia 7.63 8.78 9.10 9.55 9.15 8.72 9.26 8.25 ?
Iran 3.44 3.74 4.00 4.14 4.03 3.91 4.05 4.04 ?
UAE 2.08 2.35 2.48 2.54 2.64 2.60 2.68 2.41 ?
Iraq 2.02 1.31 2.01 1.88 2.00 2.09 2.38 2.39 ?
Kuwait 1.89 2.14 2.38 2.53 2.54 2.46 2.59 2.35 ?
Venzuela 2.60 2.34 2.56 2.56 2.51 2.43 2.39 2.24 1997
Nigeria 2.12 2.28 2.33 2.63 2.44 2.35 2.17 2.21 2005
Angola 0.90 0.90 1.05 1.25 1.41 1.74 1.98 1.91 plateau
Algeria 1.31 1.61 1.68 1.80 1.81 1.83 1.82 1.78 2008
Libya 1.32 1.42 1.52 1.63 1.68 1.70 1.74 1.65 plateau
Qatar 0.68 0.72 0.78 0.84 0.85 0.85 0.92 0.93 ?
Ecuador 0.39 0.41 0.53 0.53 0.54 0.51 0.50 0.49 2006
Total 26.39 27.98 30.41 31.87 31.59 31.21 32.48 30.64 ?
Total, OPEC plus top 30 non-OPEC 72.66
Top